Meghalaya Has A UNESCO Site That Deserves A Place In Your Bucket List 

Oct 28, 2022, 16:15 IST

Mawmluh Cave in Meghalaya has been included in the IUGS list

The famous Mawmluh Cave in Meghalaya has been recognised by UNESCO; now one of 100 IUGS Geological Sites

The Mawmluh Cave in Meghalaya has now been elevated. Krem Mawmluh as it is locally called has been selected by the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) as one of the First 100 IUGS Geological Sites in the world. It is now a UNESCO recognised site.

Krem Mawmluh is known for its stalagmite structures and other rock formations and is currently one of the most important visitor destinations in north eastern India. It is also known to be one of the longest cave systems in the Indian subcontinent. 

Mawmluh Cave in Meghalaya has been included in the IUGS list


The cave is 4,500 metres long and sited in Sohra in the East Khasi Hills District. It is easy to reach from the hill station of Shillong, about 60 kilometres away.


Mawmluh Cave was the first cave to be explored by a British official in 1844, and has gone on to become one of the region’s major attractions. It is known to cocoon a pool within that is said to have been formed as a result of the convergence of five different rivers.


A Subject Of Scientific Study
Since these and other caves like it are located in Sohra better known as Cherrapunji and one of the wettest places on Earth scientists have been studying the stalagmites to help predict monsoon patterns and droughts. In particular, researchers from the United States of America have studied the cave for the past 50 years for the growth of the stalagmites, having found what they believe is an unusual connection between the amounts of winter rainfall in northeast India and the climatic conditions in the Pacific Ocean. 


Meghalaya officials are thrilled with the inclusion of Krem Mawmluh in the First 100 IUGS Geological Sites list.  Meghalaya Chief Minister Conrad K Sangma tweeted on the inclusion: “IUGS 60th Anniversary Event in Zumaia, Basque Coast UNESCO Global Geopark (Spain) will declare the First 100 IUGS Geological Heritage Sites selected from 181 candidate sites from 56 countries... 
“Mawmluh Cave in Sohra, Meghalaya known for the ‘Meghalayan Age’ has been selected by the IUGS UNESCO as one of the 'FIRST 100 IUGS GEOLOGICAL SITES' in the world.”

State officials have pointed out that the 10 longest caves in the country are all in Meghalaya.


Images: Shutterstock


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